The PE department aim to provide students with a broad and balanced curriculum, which gives students an experience of a wide variety of sports. We provide sports that students can continue with outside of school, and feel part of community sport, becoming active citizens, as well as show students what other sports are available from different cultures and parts of the world. It is coherently sequenced and slowly builds the students’ knowledge in order for them to apply the skills needed to be successful in every sport. We incorporate core British Values into every lesson promoting sportsmanship and fair play, as well as the benefits of being active. We offer a huge range of extra-curricular opportunities, including a fully inclusive house sports competition, which allows every student the opportunity to take part in competitive sport, as well as inter-school fixtures, where we compete very well, and outdoor and adventurous activities nationally and internationally.
Across Key Stage 3 and 4 we follow the national curriculum. Students develop their technique through competitive sports, use tactics and strategies to overcome opponents, take part in outdoor and adventurous activities, team building and problem solving, take part in dance using a range of styles, analyse performances and suggest ways to improve and we encourage participation outside of school through club links.
KS3 Core PE
Key stage 3 starts with introducing our passion for sport to build a love of sport and physical activity. Learning the rules of sports to allow all to participate safely with enjoyment. Building confidence and self-esteem. Developing skills, agility, coordination and balance. Pushing students outside their comfort zone, coping with fatigue, building resilience, and learning about the benefits of being active. We provide enrichment visits to watch and be inspired through sport. Students are introduced to the house system and the importance of representing your house in the Sports House Trophy.
Once students have a secure knowledge of each sport they progress quickly and the next stage is developing team sports and being confident in communicating with their peers. Improving organisational skills, preparing students for independent learning. Critically analyse performance using self and peer assessment using a range of technologies, including video analysis. There is greater participation in extra-curricular clubs (grass roots, trials, local, national, school training). Students have the opportunity to become Young Leaders to help with organising house sports.
Students are then able to use the knowledge they have learnt and apply the skills needed to be successful. Learning tactics of the sport, exploiting weaknesses in an opponent’s performance. Confidence to lead small groups, developing mental social and physical skills. Increasing the role of referee, preparing students for Key Stage 4. Encouraging more able students towards GCSE PE options. Learning how to become “good winners” and “good losers” by building resilience. The impact of a strong Key Stage 3 curriculum is very low non-participation rates, high percentage of students taking part in extra-curricular sport, an excellent take up of GCSE PE, and, according to student voice, amongst others, a very high percentage of students that enjoy Physical Education.
Overview of what is covered
Rugby, football, netball, swimming, trampolining, badminton, basketball, Health Related Exercise, cricket, rounders
Students learn rules and basic skills and how to put these skills into a game in Year 7. As they move into Year 8 and 9 we look at tactics, positioning, how to spot weaknesses in the opposition and how to maximise personal strengths. There is an emphasis on health and well-being and the positives this brings to a healthy lifestyle. Students have the opportunity to learn leadership skills by coaching, officiating and scoring. A focus on healthy competition and sportsmanship, learning to win and lose well sets the students up for more independent learning at Key Stage 4.
KS4 Core PE
Overview of what is covered
Rugby, football, netball, hard court hockey, swimming, trampolining, tennis, volleyball, badminton, basketball, health related exercise, cricket, rounders, long ball, softball
There is a greater emphasis at Key Stage 4 on independent learning and preparing students for lifelong participation in physical activity. In Year 10 lessons are based around leadership, students putting their coaching skills to the test, being able to referee, listening to their peers, preparing well for physical activity by doing their own warm ups, and being able to play games or matches without the influence of a teacher making decisions. In Year 11 students are given a choice of what activity they would like to do. This helps us promote healthy active lifestyles. Students have the responsibility of setting up their own equipment, refereeing themselves, organising games in lessons, sorting themselves into fair teams (without using the old fashioned “picking teams” method), setting themselves targets in swimming and health related fitness lessons, thus enabling us to prepare them to be responsible and active citizens once they leave school.
KS4 GCSE PE
Once students have developed their independence and organisation skills they can start to take ownership of their lessons which usually happens during Key Stage 4. They are able to communicate effectively with their peers demonstrating the ability to officiate and referee. Leadership roles are implemented during lessons. Students have the opportunity to become Sports House Captains with the importance of their roles and responsibilities promoted throughout school. Students have the opportunity to use their knowledge of what is a good leader by becoming leaders and coaches at extra-curricular practices.
By the time students are in Year 11 they are constantly using their knowledge about organisation, independence, communication, sportsmanship, and leadership to conduct their own lessons. Students have more choice at this stage as the aim is to encourage lifelong participation as we give students the skills to participate in sport once they leave Upper Wharfedale School. Student know how to lead an active lifestyle with a good understanding of the benefits of fitness and health and how to be a responsible active citizen whether participating or spectating. Students leave school appreciating the benefits of being part of a team and have the confidence to independently organise matches, fixtures and recreational bookings.
As part of GCSE PE at Key Stage 4 students learn about 6 topics. The human body, biomechanics, including levers and planes and axis, and physical training. Also students learn about the benefits of exercise, including diet and lifestyle, sports psychology and how commercialisation and media affect sport. We promote literacy skills and exam technique by showing how students structure their answers with description first, then applying their knowledge to sporting examples, and finally an analysis of how the example is affected. The skills the students need to apply are descriptions of the different components, labelling diagrams, interpretation, analysis and predictions of data, discussions about how different topics affect sports in different ways, justify their decisions, evaluations and conclusions of the best way to train for different athletes. We choose Edexcel GCSE PE as it provides a more practical focus than any other examination qualification. It reflects today’s global world and addresses issues within our society, such as racism, ethics in sport and fair play, gender and cultural stereotypes, and issues surrounding sedentary lifestyles. It provides an applied focus and uses many transferable skills, such as how to structure longer mark answers and developing ideas, across many subjects. It develops a holistic understanding of physical education and supports progression to the next level of study as well as supporting progression from Key Stage 3.
Topic 1: Applied anatomy and Physiology
Cardiovascular system respiratory system, muscular system, and skeletal system. The immediate and long term effects of exercise and the effects of lifestyle on the systems, data analysis.
Topic 2: Movement analysis
Levers, and plane and axes and their role in physical activity, data analysis.
Topic 3: Physical Training
Fitness tests, components of fitness, methods of training, principles of training, warm ups, cool downs, injuries and injury prevention, performance enhancing drugs, data analysis.
Topic 1: Health, fitness and well-bring
What is health, benefits of exercise, lifestyle choices, sedentary lifestyle, diet, data analysis.
Topic 2: Sport psychology
Classification of skill, Target setting and SMART targets, guidance and feedback, mental preparation, data analysis.
Topic 3: Socio-cultural influences
Different social groups and sport, Commercialisation in sport, ethical and socio-cultural issues in sport, data analysis.
Students have to be assessed in 3 sports – one team, one individual and a choice of a team or individual. The sports that students can take part in are set by the exam board. Each sport is marked out of 35. 10 marks for skills in isolation and 25 for a competitive situation. Each sport is worth 10% of the final grade. Students will do at least 8 different sports in school, as well as the possibility of being assessed in the sports that they may do outside school eg horse riding. The best 3 marks will be put forward to the exam board.
Students plan, design and carry out an exercise and fitness programme over 6 weeks. They then need to evaluate how successful their programme was, and what evidence there was of their fitness changing.
Core PE – students are assessed on their attitude to learning as well as their ability to acquire and develop specific skills, select and apply appropriate skills, their knowledge and understanding of the sport, evaluate and improve their own and others’ work, and understand the benefits of fitness and health.
GCSE PE – Students are given formal assessments at the end of each topic, which are monitored and tracked as well as mock exams in Year 10 and Year 11.
Core PE – Homework for core PE is to practice the skills learnt in lesson, and try to apply these to a game situations. Join a school club or local sporting club to practice the skills learnt. Take heart rates at rest and during exercise and understand the target zone they need to be in to improve fitness.
GCSE PE – Homework is given at least once a week for GCSE PE will be related to the current topic being covered.
Students have the opportunity to go to Bewerley Park outdoor centre and Watersports on the Mediterranean with canoeing down the Ardecehe. These trips promote independence and organisation skills as well as team building and raising confidence, resilience and self-esteem. All students have the opportunity to take part in competitive sport through our inter-house competition as well as representing school in a wide range of sporting events. This promotes pride for their school, as well as understanding core British Values of sporting behaviour, fair play, and being good winners and good losers. We have a large leadership programme which involves sports house captains and junior sports house captains. This develops students’ communication and organisational skills as well as giving students confidence to stand up in front of groups.